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THE ITALIAN GAS DISTRIBUTION MARKET AND NEW BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
ITALIAN GAS SECTOR AT A GLANCE
The Italian gas market is among the largest in Europe with a strong demand on the increase in 2000. It faced a reduction in demand between 2010 and 2014 (in line with EU trend) especially in the power generation sector, with the financial crisis and environmental policies being the drivers of this contraction.
Italy is highly dependent on gas imports, having nowadays Russia as first supplier (47%), followed by Algeria (12,3%) and Libya (11,7 %). Domestic production covers a small party of gas demand (a quota equal to 11,5% in 2014, 33% from onshore fields and 67% from offshore exploitation).
Over the last years the gas market has been subjected to - and is still being faced with - important changes in terms of structure and regulatory framework. New law provisions, which aim at increasing competitiveness and ensuring the transfer of economic benefits to final consumers, also apply to the local distribution networks.

Giannalberto Mazzei, Francesco Piron, Chiara Colamonico
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